这就是为什么电子邮件让你处于令人讨厌的情绪

2019-06-14 15:21:14 围观 : 197

  这就是为什么电子邮件让你处于令人讨厌的情绪中

  你的闹钟响了,翻身,拿起手机,睁开眼睛。你眯着眼睛看着蓝色的光芒,它开始了:你正在滚动通知,电子邮件,文本。

                  已经证明,在工作时间之后发送电子邮件可能会造成心理上的损害,但在职业健康心理学杂志上发表的新研究证实了您可能知道的内容是真实的:即使他们不是在工作中体验应激反应。

                  来自汉堡大学的心理学家要求13个工作场所的132人在8天的时间内完成每日调查 - 其中4人预计可以上班,其中4人不参加。他们都接受了调查,一半参与者还提供了测量皮质醇的唾液样本。 (皮质醇是应对压力情况释放的激素。)

                  结果显示,在预期一个人可以到达的时候,人们的皮质醇水平升高并且报告有压力。虽然这可能是预期的,但有趣的是,当一个人不需要在办公室实际可用时,皮质醇仍有显着的上升。

                    

                      

                  

                    

                      

                  

                  罪魁祸首?智能手机和文化相结合,越来越模糊了工作和休闲之间的界限。作者写道,在今天的员工队伍中,“正常工作时间以外的工作联系和工作可用性与健康受损有关”。

                  那我们为什么要这样做呢?

                  美国人是着名的工作狂。根据经济合作与发展组织的数据,美国工人每年的工作时间约为1,788小时,高于下一个最长工作组,日本人,为1,735小时。许多欧洲人的工作要少得多。法国时钟在1,489小时,德国人每年工作1,388小时。

                  这不是经济学家约翰梅纳德凯恩斯为我们想象的未来。他预言我们将达到一种工业化水平,使休闲更有价值,人类每周只能工作15小时。相反,我们放松的想法是关注电视,同时在我们的智能手机上观看多个视频,包括,是的,电子邮件。

                  Marcus Butts是德克萨斯大学阿灵顿分校的教授,他的同事是德克萨斯大学的Wendy Boswell教授。 M大学于6月发布了一项研究,重点关注周一至周五非工作时间收到的电子邮件的情绪影响。

                    

                      

                  

                  “我们查看了电子邮件的语气以及您回复电子邮件的时间,”Butts说。 “当谈到音调不好的电子邮件时,它会让你生气。

   生气需要大量的注意力和我们的资源,这使我们不能与其他事情接触。“换句话说,一封电子邮件—特别是消极的一个—有能力摧毁你的夜晚。

                  但是,Butts指出,世界上有两种类型的人。有分割器,他们将工作和非工作生活分开。他们不会在下班后回复电子邮件。然后是集成商,他们通过将他们的工作生活与他们的社交生活结合起来并且倾向于在任何时间回复电子邮件来将他们的工作和个人生活融合在一起。当电子邮件弹出时,集成商会更加紧张。

                  但无论如何,电子邮件的焦虑是“不好”,Butts说。 “电子邮件不会让你关注或从事非工作生活。”

                      

                  

                      照片:1916年至今的移动电话的兴起

                  

                    

                      

                            

                              

                              

                                

                                        

                                    

                                

                                

                                    1916年第一次世界大战期间在法国北部Aisne部门的一个德国现场电话站

                                    Paul Thompson-FPG / Getty Images

                                

                              

                            

                            

                              

                              

                                

                                        

                                        

                                          

                                        

                                    

                                

                                

                                    1970年

                  法国歌手兼演员Johnny Hallyday在电影“Point de Chute”(又名“Falling Point”)的场景中。

                                    Keystone / Holton / Getty Images

                                

                              

                            

                            

                              

                              

                                

                                        

                                        

                                          

                                        

                                    

                                

                                

                                    1980年

                  伊朗大使馆在伦敦南肯辛顿的王子门围攻期间的早期手机。

                                    Kypros / Getty Images

                                

                              

                            

                            

                              

                              

                                

                                        

                                        

                                          

                                        

                                    

                                

                                

                                    1983年

                  科罗拉多州恩格尔伍德移动电话总经理Bob Maxwell在开车上班时打电话给FCC批准的无线电频率。

                                    Lyn Alweis-Denver Post / Getty Images

                                

                              

                            

                            

                              

                              

                                

                                        

                                        

                                          

                                        

                                    

                                

                                

                                    1986年

                  A-TEAM“The Say U.N.C.L.E.Affair”第5集。(l-r)Eddie Velez饰演Frankie Santana,Robert Vaughn饰演Hunt Stockwell将军,George Peppard饰演John“Hannibal”Smith。

                                    Bill Dow-NBC / Getty Images

                                

                              

                            

                            

                              

                              

                                

                                        

                                        

                                          

                                        

                                    

                                

                                

                                    1992年

                  9月25日,民主党总统候选人比尔克林顿在纽约一家酒店与波士顿市长雷弗伦会面时用手机通话。

                                    Mark Lennihan-AP

                                

                              

                            

                            

                              

                              

                                

                                        

                                        

                                          

                                        

                                    

                                

                                

                                    1993年

                  在拉斯维加斯的ShoWest期间的Whoopi Goldberg。

                                    Jeff Kravitz-FilmMagic / Getty Images

                                

                              

                            

                            

                              

                              

                                

                                        

                                        

                                          

                                        

                                    

                                

                                

                                    1997年

                  

                  有他的家庭的一位农夫坐布洛克推车和谈话在移动电话,在德里。

                                    今日印度集团/盖蒂图片社

                                

                              

                            

                            

                              

                              

                                

                                        

                                        

                                          

                                        

                                    

                                

                                

                                    2001年

                  一名妇女于9月11日在纽约世界贸易中心大楼内观看烟雾。

                                    Nicholas Goldberg-Gamma-Rapho / Getty Images

                                

                              

                            

                            

                              

                              

                                

                                        

                                        

                                          

                                        

                                    

                                

                                

                                    2011

                  3月25日,利比亚本杰瓦特在政府军占领领土后,一名反叛民兵用手机讲话。

                                    约翰摩尔 - 盖蒂图片社

                                

                              

                            

                            

                              

                              

                                

                                        

                                        

                                          

                                        

                                    

                                

                                

                                    2011

                  11月23日,一名青年在开罗的解放广场附近的穆罕默德马哈茂德街向示威者开枪,讲述了催泪瓦斯警察的后果。

                                    Peter Macdiarmid-Getty Images

                                

                              

                            

                            

                              

                              

                                

                                        

                                        

                                          

                                        

                                    

                                

                                

                                    2012

                  

                  观众成员于4月10日在佛罗里达州博卡拉顿为佛罗里达大西洋大学拍摄了总统巴拉克奥巴马的照片。

                                    马克塞罗塔 - 盖蒂图片社

                                

                              

                            

                            

                              

                              

                                

                                        

                                        

                                          

                                        

                                    

                                

                                

                                    2014

                  在贝尔法斯特的圣乔治市场散步时,一名少年在女王伊丽莎白二世面前拍照。女王显然对她表示沮丧,因为当她进行约会时,她会受到大量手机的欢迎。

                                    Peter Macdiarmid-PA Wire / Press Association Images / AP

                                

                              

                            

                  

                      

                      

                        

                      

                    

                    

                      

                        

                          

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